The term “hyperpigmentation” refers to portions of the skin that have grown darker than the sections of skin that surround them. It happens when the skin generates an abnormally high amount of the pigment melanin, which is responsible for giving skin its color. It is possible for persons with different kinds of skin to be affected.
Since people with darker skin tones naturally have more melanin in their bodies, as read here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melanin, says that hyperpigmentation is a frequent skin condition among people of color. Trauma to the skin, such as from a burn, a bruise, acne, a rash, or anything else, may trigger an increase in melanin production, which in turn can cause discoloration.
Some examples of hyperpigmentation are as follows:
- Age spots, which are frequently referred to as “liver” spots
- hyperpigmentation caused by post-inflammatory processes
- Hyperpigmentation is also linked to the use of certain drugs and the presence of certain medical disorders.
After an accident, cuts, burns, acne, or lupus-related skin inflammation, hyperpigmentation called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation may appear on the affected area. Sun exposure might make it more noticeable anywhere on the body.
It is not normally harmful to have more pigment in some parts of the skin; nevertheless, it may occasionally be an indication of another medical problem, such as Addison’s disease.
How to eliminate hyperpigmentation in your skin
Most cases of hyperpigmentation are harmless, and some people don’t even need treatment for it. On the other hand, it’s possible that some individuals would rather have it removed. There are treatments for those looking for help with skin hyperpigmentation, and other similar ailments. There are a variety of therapy approaches and home cures that could be helpful for persons who have it.
Creams applied topically
In order to address hyperpigmentation, a lot of individuals turn to topical treatments. Compounds that may lighten the skin will be used in topical treatments. These ingredients include:
- azelaic acid
- cream containing cysteamine
- vitamin C
- kojic acid
- retinoids, including tretinoin, among others
- glycolic acid peels
- N-acetyl glucosamine
It may take anywhere from three to six months for steroids and hydroquinone creams to have an effect on the skin tone. Click here for more on hydroquinone creams. Some of these effects may include:
- rashes and irritation of the skin
- acne caused by steroids, which may result in scarring and recurrent episodes of hyperpigmentation
- thin skin
- skin that has become reddened
- skin sores
- xeroderma, or severe dryness
- a rash that develops from prolonged skin contact or an allergic response
Although uncommon, long-term usage may result in a condition known as exogenous ochronosis, which causes blue and purple pigmentation.
Before using skin-lightening cosmetics, individuals should see a medical professional since these products could create unwanted side effects. Always be sure you get things from a reliable vendor, and read and carefully follow all of the directions that come with the product.
The use of these items to lighten one’s skin is not recommended.
Procedures related to cosmetics
To hide hyperpigmentation, several cosmetic treatments may make the skin lighter in such spots.
The following are examples of cosmetic operations for hyperpigmentation:
- laser treatment therapy
- light with powerful pulsations
- chemical peels
People who are contemplating whether or not to go through with one of these treatments should see a skin care professional or a dermatologist in order to learn more about the procedure and any potential adverse effects.
As a result of the damage they cause to the top layer of skin, hyperpigmentation may become more severe.
Natural treatments for excessive skin pigmentation
There is also the possibility that hyperpigmentation might be lightened with the use of natural therapies. There have been no large-scale studies conducted on people to verify the efficacy of any of these potential treatments.
If a person is interested in trying a new therapy or natural cure, they should always do a patch test on a small area of their skin first and discontinue use of the product if it causes their skin to become irritated.
The following natural remedies have been suggested as having the potential to help lessen the look of hyperpigmentation:
Extracts of licorice have the potential to reduce hyperpigmentation. People who have hyperpigmentation on their skin may treat it using lotions that include glabridin.